Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

What is it?

Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, is caused by stress on your shinbones (tibia) and the connective tissues that attach the muscles to the bones. These get inflamed and painful due to high-impact exercise that overloads the tibia.



  • Pain and tenderness along the inner side of your lower leg (shin). The pain may be sharp, or dull and throbbing. It can be very severe.
  • Pain when you start exercising
  • Pain that goes away when you rest


  • Flat feet - when the impact of a step makes your foot's arch collapse
  • Shoes that don’t fit well or provide good support
  • Working out without warmup or cooldown stretches
  • Weak ankles, hips, or core muscles
  • Excessively tight calf muscles
  • Undertaking high-impact exercises on hard, non-compliant surfaces


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