Piriformas Syndrome

What is it?

The piriformis muscle is a flat, band-like muscle located in the buttocks near the top of the hip joint. This muscle is important in lower body movement because it stabilizes the hip joint and lifts and rotates the leg away from the body. This enables us to walk, shift our weight from one foot to another, and maintain balance.

Piriformis Syndrome is a condition in which the piriformis muscle becomes so tight that it causes the sciatic never to become irritated and cause pain in the buttocks region.


  • Pain, tingling or numbness in the buttocks.
  • Pain can extend down the length of the sciatic nerve (down the back of the leg)
  • Pins and needles in the buttocks, travelling down the leg.


  • When the piriformis muscle gets tight and presses on the sciatic nerve.
  • You can develop piriformis syndrome from everyday activities, such as sitting for long periods of time, climbing stairs, walking, or running.
  • You can also develop it after a traumatic event, such as a car accident or a fall.


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